How to make a gravel driveway?
If you decide you need a driveway, you are faced with many options such as: gravel, asphalt, concrete, cobblestone, natural stone paving, HDPE grass pavers (eco-friendly pavers). Your decision should be based: budget, environmental conditions, road length and options for DIY.
1. Selecting materials
2. Preliminary measurements
3. Removing vegetation from surface and preparing the underlay
5. Applying foil / herbicide application
6. Installing kerbstones
7. Spreading the first layer of gravel
8. Spreading the second layer of gravel
9. Spreading the third layer of gravel
The cheapest option for small distances is gravel. It is durable (works fine for low car traffic) and looks excellent, but will need aftercare. A gravel driveway is easy to make and you will only need common materials and tools. If you already have a paved road, you should remove it and for this you will need specific power tools. You can do it as a DIY procedure, but it can be more difficult for people not so familiar with it. Here are the steps for making a gravel driveway:
1. Selecting materials – you will need 3 types of gravel. The base requires 2 – 5 cm grains size and the other two 2 – 4 cm grain size. For a special look you will also need marble dust. When it comes to necessary tools: pickaxe, spade, shovel, rake, perhaps a small excavator, compactor, polypropylene foil (herbicide), rubber mallet, sand.
2. Preliminary measurements – required for being able to calculate the necessary materials.
3. Removing vegetation from surface and preparing the underlay – can be done by hand, after removing vegetation, soil need to be compacted.
4. Excavation – can be done by hand (space, pickaxe or shovel) or using a small excavator. Excavation depth is approx. 20 – 25 cm.
5. Applying foil / herbicide application – you have 2 options for weed prevention. Polypropylene foil is used for insulating the bottom of the pit and weed prevention. The other option is to apply total herbicide over the surface.
6. Installing kerbstones – selected according to preference; you have many options available. When kerbstones are thicker, you need to further excavate the installation area. One-two layers of gravel are required, with a sand layer as cover. In terms of materials, you can choose between kerbstones from marble, slate, granite.
7. Spreading the first layer of gravel – choose 2 – 4 cm grain size gravel, spread it, level the surface and tamp the soil. Besides other things, the benefits of using such type of gravel include a good drainage and the barrier function, for preventing smaller size gravel, from the above layers, to vanish into the earth layer. At this time, layer will have approximately 10 cm thickness. It is recommended to carefully select your gravel from crushed stone, gravel category and not flagstone because it is round and creates an unstable surface. It is also important the order of spreading the gravel layers since the base layer has a larger grain size compared to the other two. Spread the gravel so that you can create a ridge in the middle of the road; since this are is elevated, it allows improved water drainage. However, water drainage can also be achieved with side grooves.
8. Spreading the second layer of gravel – choose smaller grain size gravel, 1 – 2 cm, spread it over the compacted gravel layer, level it and then compact it. At this point, you have reached approximately 8 cm thickness.
9. Spreading the third layer of gravel – choose a marble gravel or sandstone gravel, 1 – 2 cm grain size or even smaller, perhaps mixed with marble dust.
Gravel driveways withstand perfect in all weather conditions, delivering a genuine, special look. Climate is essential when selecting this type of driveway, because in mountain areas (with plenty of snow) this solution is only recommended if you can wait for the snow to melt, since snow removal will also spreads gravel around. Besides, in autumn when leaves are falling, you will need to rake surfaces. In terms of aftercare, once a year application of herbicides is needed (if you have adopted this solution for weed protection) and every once in a while gravel must be raked for ensuring a smooth surface. Finally, you must fill the gravel layer for completion every 2 or 3 years.
However, besides the look, the affordable costs make from gravel driveway a fine choice. PIATRAONLINE recommends gravel; feel free to get in touch with us at +40318.222.333 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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